20 February 2023

Mastering Infrastructure Management with Infrastructure as Code: Tools, Benefits and Examples


Managing an organisation's infrastructure can be a challenging and time-consuming task. Traditionally, IT teams have relied on manual processes and human intervention to set up and configure infrastructure. However, as enterprises continue to adopt cloud computing and other modern technologies, the need for more efficient and scalable infrastructure management tasks has become increasingly apparent.  

This is where Infrastructure as Code (IaC) comes in. By automating the provisioning, management and deployment of infrastructure using code, IaC offers a number of benefits, including increased efficiency, consistency and scalability. In this article, we explore the tools and examples of infrastructure as code to help you decide if implementing it is the right choice for your company. 

What is Infrastructure as Code? 

Infrastructure as Code has become the default method for managing cloud resources in modern cloud-native teams. With the introduction of agile development, IaC examples such as cloud-based environments or on-demand server setups have developed, drastically speeding up the software production process.  

Infrastructure as Code manages and provides cloud computing resources and other infrastructure elements using code and automation tools instead of manual processes. It simplifies complex tasks such as infrastructure deployment service and configuration, allowing engineers to quickly and efficiently deploy cloud resources without manual work or errors. 

With IaC, the entire infrastructure is described in code, which means that developers can use the same tools, workflows and best practices they use for application code to manage their infrastructure. This brings significant benefits, such as more consistent infrastructure configuration, faster and more reliable deployments, better collaboration between development and operations teams, and greater flexibility to respond to changing business needs.  

Examples of Infrastructure as Code

Infrastructure as Code services, such as Google Cloud Deployment Manager and Azure Resource Manager, provide efficient and scalable solutions for managing cloud infrastructure. These services allow users to define and deploy infrastructure resources using templates that can be managed as code, enabling version control and collaboration among team members.

Google cloud platform uses YAML or Python templates, while Azure Resource Manager uses JSON templates, providing different options for defining and managing infrastructure resources.

An IaC tool can be used to manage not only cloud resources but also on-premises ones and even non-technical assets such as office equipment. By automating the management of infrastructure through code, organisations increase the efficiency of their IT operations. 

IaC Tools List for Your Business 

Infrastructure as code tools are becoming increasingly popular because of their ability to automate the process of setting up, managing, and deploying infrastructure. There are many infrastructure as code tools available on the market such as Terraform, SpectralOps, AWS CloudFormation, Azure Resource Manager, Puppet and SaltStack. Each of these tools has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to choose the right one for your specific needs. 


A popular open-source tool for building, changing, and versioning infrastructure safely and efficiently. Terraform supports a wide range of cloud providers, including Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud Platform, Microsoft Azure, and many others. This means that you can use Terraform to manage your infrastructure across multiple cloud platforms and even across hybrid or multi-cloud environments.

One of the key benefits of using Terraform is that it allows you to manage infrastructure as code, meaning that you can version and track changes to your infrastructure in the same way that you do with your application code. This provides a more consistent and repeatable way of governing your infrastructure, making it easier to collaborate and control changes across teams. Terraform is also known for its strong focus on safety and efficiency. It uses a "plan and apply" workflow that allows you to preview changes before applying them, giving you greater control over the changes that are made


A platform that helps teams manage their cloud infrastructure with ease, offering infrastructure automation, configuration management tools, and more. Teams may operate more productively and effectively with the help of SpectralOps, which also makes sure that their infrastructure is safe and up to industry standards. This includes tools for managing and versioning configurations, as well as tools for monitoring and alerting on changes to configurations.

Infrastructure automation is one of the core strengths of SpectralOps. The platform enables teams to automate the provisioning and deployment of infrastructure resources using powerful tools such as Terraform, AWS CloudFormation and Kubernetes. This not only saves time and effort but also helps ensure that infrastructure is consistently deployed and configured according to best practices.

AWS CloudFormation

A service provided by Amazon Web Services that helps users model and provision AWS resources, including infrastructure and application resources. Other Amazon services supported by AWS CloudFormation include computation, networking, database, storage, and security services. As a result, teams may utilize Amazon CloudFormation to manage resources across various AWS services, resulting in an uniform and efficient method of managing infrastructure.

It is also important to note that AWS CloudFormation can manage dependency and relationships between resources. This means that teams can define complex architectures with multiple resources and dependencies, and AWS CloudFormation will automatically provision and manage them in the correct order.

Azure Resource Manager

A service provided by Microsoft Azure that enables users to provision, manage, and deploy Azure resources. The ability of Azure Resource Manager to streamline the process of managing and deploying Azure resources is one of its main advantages. Teams can design infrastructure as code with Azure Resource Manager using a straightforward declarative syntax that can be maintained, reused, and versioned just like any other code.

Moreover, Azure Resource Manager offers a variety of pre-built templates and resources that make it simple to get started even for people without a lot of expertise with infrastructure management. It enables teams to manage resources across various Azure services by supporting a broad variety of Azure services, such as computing, networking, database, storage, and security services.


A configuration management tool that enables users to automate the provisioning, configuration, and management of infrastructure resources. The ability to automate the process of deploying and configuring infrastructure resources is one of the primary benefits of Puppet. Teams may automate the provisioning and configuration of resources by utilizing the declarative language of Puppet to define infrastructure as code, which decreases faults and saves time.

Puppet offers a wide range of integrations with various tools and services in addition to its configuration management features. They comprise links to well-known cloud service providers like AWS and Azure as well as integrations with well-liked logging and monitoring applications like Splunk and Elasticsearch.

Each of these tools for IaC offers different features and capabilities, so it's important to carefully evaluate your specific needs and requirements before choosing the right tool for your organization. 

What are the Benefits of Infrastructure Automation in Your Business? 

When it comes down infrastructure management services, Infrastructure as Code has emerged as a popular and powerful approach, that brings many benefits to enterprises, including greater efficiency, lower costs, enhanced collaboration and reduced risk of error. It can also store the code in version control systems and be a significant aid when you need to manage complex cloud environments. Let's take a look. 

  • Fast and easy process: With IaC you can not only deploy virtual servers, but also run pre-configured databases, network infrastructure and other cloud services. You can do this quickly and easily for development, staging and production environments, which can significantly streamline the software development process.

  • Increased security: IaC tools can increase security by reducing the attack surface of the infrastructure. IaC can automatically configure resources to meet security best practices, and users can apply security controls consistently across all environments.

  • Automation: Infrastructure as code automation improves the scalability of infrastructure resources, as well as its configuration, and management. This not only saves time and lowers the likelihood of errors but also allows teams to focus on higher-value tasks.

  • Improved compliance - IaC tools can help organisations comply with industry and regulatory standards such as HIPAA, PCI DSS and GDPR. By codifying infrastructure assets and configurations, organisations can more easily demonstrate compliance to auditors and regulators.

  • Reduced risk of errors: IaC cuts down on the risk of errors when deploying and managing infrastructure resources, as it allows users to test and validate configurations before they are deployed. This leads to better communication between team members, as well as faster and more accurate deployment of resources.

What are the Challenges with Implementing IaC? 

While Infrastructure as Code (IaC) offers a number of benefits, it is not without its challenges. One of the biggest challenges is the complexity of the setup process. Because IaC requires a significant amount of coding and automation, it can be difficult to set up and get running smoothly. Additionally, an IaC tool lacks standardization across multiple cloud providers, which means that teams may need to learn and use multiple tools to manage their infrastructure effectively. 

Regular maintenance is also required to keep IaC tools up to date with the organization's changing needs. This can involve updating code, adding new elements, and ensuring that the infrastructure is always configured according to best practices. 

More on Version Control Systems

One of the key aspects of Infrastructure as Code is its code-based foundation, which requires the integration of version control systems (VCS) such as Git. Version control provides a mechanism for tracking changes to the code and makes it easy for teams to collaborate on infrastructure development. In addition, effective configuration management and cloud infrastructure automation tools can help streamline the development process and enhance the reliability of the final product.

To achieve efficient and consistent infrastructure management, it's important to use a robust configuration management and cloud infrastructure automation tool. These programmes can help automate the provisioning, configuration and management of infrastructure resources across multiple environments. By combining the power of Infrastructure as code tools, virtual machines and VCS, organisations can achieve efficient, scalable and reliable infrastructure management in the cloud.

Unlock Infrastructure as Code Tools and Kick-start the Future 

In summary, infrastructure as code systems provide businesses with a high level of control and visibility over the changes taking place in their environment. By adopting tools for infrastructure as code, organizations can take full advantage of automation and maintain continuous integration, continuous delivery (CI/CD) and DevOps strategies. IaC systems enable companies to deploy infrastructure quickly and accurately, improving efficiency.  

The use of infrastructure as code tools also provides benefits such as security, standardization, consistency and cost savings. With its ability to accelerate all infrastructure-related tasks, IaC has become an essential tool for managing cloud resources in modern cloud-native teams. 

 Start leveraging the power of infrastructure as code to improve your operations.

Jan Łapiński
Software Developer